Archives April 2014

REVAMP MINIMUM-MANDATORY SENTENCING LAWS

 This op-ed appears today in newspapers along the Treasure Coast, from Vero beach to Palm Beach.  Minimum-mandatory sentencing sounds like a good idea, because it keeps judges from imposing lighter, or no sentences upon dangerous criminals. But while legislators hold judges feet to the fire with broad-brush mandatory sentencing laws, many decent, non-dangerous people are being victimized with excessive penalties that they don’t deserve. 
      I would call upon the governor and the state representatives of Florida to reconsider these draconian mandates that strip judges of all discretion from considering extenuating circumstances in each and every case. We’ve gone too far in punishing people with minimum sentences just because they happened to be in possession of a firearm at the time of the alleged “crime.”  The following article cites two particular Florida cases which serve as examples of overly “harsh” penalties imposed upon decent people whose back were to the walls in moments of domestic intranquility.
 
 

Marshall Frank: Minimum-mandatory gun sentences sad but true in Florida

Marshall Frank is an author and retired South Florida police detective who lives in Melbourne. Online: MarshallFrank.com.

Sunday, April 27, 2014

Gov. Scott, please take notice:

Our justice system has lost its sense of justice and humanity. Decent people who are no threat to society languish in prison for decades based on sentencing technicalities that strip judges from using judicial discretion. Meanwhile, dangerous criminals still roam the streets while honest and productive citizens languish in jail cells, leaving kids stripped of fathers and mothers.

Example One: Marissa Alexander, 31, Jacksonville. In 2012, this mother of a three small kids, holding a master’s degree and working at a job, was sentenced to 20 years in state prison. Her crime: Firing a gun toward a wall as a warning shot during a domestic fight with her estranged husband, who was under a restraining order.

Charged with aggravated assault with a deadly weapon, prosecutors offered a plea deal for reduced charges, but she declined, feeling she was guilty of no crime. The jury found her guilty, compelling the judge to sentence her to 20 years, based on laws that give judges no discretion.

Said Circuit Judge Donald Jacobsen: “If it weren’t for the minimum mandatory aspect of this, I would use my discretion and impose some separated sentence, considering the circumstances of this event.”

The insanity of such cruel and harsh punishment is incomprehensible. Even if she showed poor judgment, there was no justifiable reason to incarcerate a productive, law-abiding human being for 7,300 days. The state not only punished Alexander, but three kids will grow up without a mother.

Example Two: Orville Wollard, 53, Davenport. This family man, gainfully employed, had been coping with a problem whereby his live-at-home daughter was often abused by her violence-prone boyfriend.

On May 14, 2008, Wollard was called at work by his wife, advising of a volatile situation at the house. He later saw that his daughter had a black eye. Having had arm surgery, Wollard was no match for the young man in a physical altercation. The boyfriend was ordered out of the house but refused.

The fighting escalated until Wollard retrieved his legally owned firearm. After the angry boy punched a hole in the wall, he confronted the older man. Wollard fired a shot into the wall. The boyfriend left. No one was hurt. Weeks later, the boyfriend called police and filed a report.

Wollard was prosecuted and convicted of the same crime as Alexander. As in that case, and because he was in possession of a firearm at the time of a felony, the judge was duty bound under minimum mandatory laws to sentence this good and decent man to 20 years in prison, wrecking his life and the life of his family.

At the sentencing, Wollard spoke to the court: “This person assaults my daughter, he threatens me, I protect myself. No one is injured, and I am going to prison. I would expect this from the Soviet Union not the United States.”

The state Clemency Board and/or Florida governor have the power to grant pardons and/or clemency when miscarriages of justice are wrongfully imposed against citizens. Alexander and Wollard certainly qualify for consideration.

Comments welcome, below:

BRANDEIS' CAPITULATION: SCORE ANOTHER VICTORY FOR RADICAL ISLAM

   Ayaan Hirsi Ali
 I cannot emphasize this enough:
     The Muslim Brotherhood exists for the purpose of Islamic conquest. That’s not an opinion, that is an established fact. It is imbedded in their secret documents. (see below)
     They recently tried (and nearly succeeded) to conquer Egypt – where they had been outlawed for thirty years – but failed after the Egyptian people rose up en masse and declared them “outlawed” once again.  Why? Because the Muslim Brotherhood is about fundamentalism, extremism, terror and radical Islamic thought which would set their people back fourteen centuries, as they have done in places like Afghanistan and Pakistan.
     The Muslim Brotherhood is so notorious, they were declared by Saudi Arabia in March of this year as a terrorist organization on a par with Hezbollah and al Qaeda.
     Saudi Arabia, together with the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, withdrew their ambassadors from Qatar because of that nation’s support of the Muslim Brotherhood. Yet, our administration befriends them.
     The Muslim Brotherhood spawned its most notorious graduate, Osama bin Laden, and from there, the terrorist organization, al Qaeda.
     The Muslim Brotherhood murdered Egypt’s Anwar Sadat for daring to sign a peace treaty with Israel.
     The 31 Islamic organizations now operating openly inside the United States – including CAIR (Council on American Islamic Relations) the ISNA (Islamic Society of North America and the MSA (Muslim Students Association) – have a single long range purpose: Conquest; to ultimately Islamize the United States from within. They each have their assigned missions, i.e., government infiltration, legal protections and changes, suppression of free speech in regards to anti-Islamic information on campuses, influencing politicians, and etc. 
     The following text is their decree, issued 1991 in memoranda by the hierarchy of the Muslim Brotherhood, discovered in a federal law enforecment raid and introduced into evidence at the Holy Land Foundation trial of 2007, titled the “Strategic Goal for North America”  – stating in part:  (Please read and take note)
Page 4:
“Enablement of Islam in North America, meaning: establishing an effective and a stable Islamic Movement led by the Muslim Brotherhood which adopts Muslims’ causes domestically and globally, and which works to expand the observant Muslim base, aims at unifying and directing Muslims’ efforts, presents Islam as a civilization alternative, and supports the global Islamic State wherever it is.”
Page 7:
“The process of settlement is a ‘Civilization-Jihadist Process’ with all the word means. The Ikhwan [Muslim Brotherhood] must understand that their work in America is a kind of grand jihad in eliminating and destroying the Western civilization from within and ‘sabotaging’ its miserable house by their hands and the hands of the believers…” 
     Did everyone notice the term “From Within?” in that narrative?
     All that being said, I could identify numerous examples of Muslim Brotherhood influence and Islamic infiltration of America, all of which could be a book and not an article. But none is so worrisome as the recent turn-around by one of America’s premier institutes of higher learning, when they invited an international icon of women’s rights to speak, bestowing upon her an honorary degree in recognition of her contributions to fighting for freedom from Islamic oppression for women around the world.
     Somali-born Ayaan Hirsi Ali, a victim of female genital mutilation, later fled a forced marriage situation, resettled in Holland, and eventually became an author, intellectual and member of that countries parliament. She is the author of numerous books and publications, a courageous advocate for the protection and advancement of woman around the world, particularly in Islamic societies which breed child marriage, genital mutilation, honor killings and repression of rights in general. In 2005, Time Magazine named her one of the 100 most influential people in the world. In 2013, she became a naturalized citizen of the United States.
     In 2004, she helped produce a Dutch documentary title, “Submission” which exposed the abuses of Islamic women around the world. Her co-producer, Theo Van Gogh, was knifed and murdered in the streets of Amsterdam by a proud Islamic radical. Ms. Ali was similarly threatened and had to go into hiding. In 2006, she was nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize… but passed over.
     Click here: ? Theo van Gogh/Ayaan Hirsi Ali: “Submission” pt 1 – YouTube
     Ms. Ali was recently invited to give a speech at Brandeis University, where she would be given a special honorary degree in recognition of her brave stand for women around the world. What followed was suppression of free speech in deference to the purveyors Islamic extremism.
     After receiving flack from a number of Islamic groups, including CAIR and the MSA, plus a number of faculty members (some undoubtedly Muslims), Brandeis rescinded its invitation and withdrew the offering of an honorary degree to Ms. Ali.
     N.O.W. –  where are you?  Hello???  Are you there? 
     Women’s organizations are omnipresent when it comes to demanding government support for contraceptives, as though it were an entitlement right denied them. But when it comes to honor killings, female mutilation and forced marriages, mums the word.
    Islamic conquest wins a big round. Freedom losses. CAIR operatives are high-fiving inside Mosques.
    Ibrahim Hooper, a spokesman for CAIR, said, “It is unconscionable that such a prestigious university would honor someone with such openly hateful views.”
     Openly Hateful? Hirsi Ali’s only mission has been to combat hate.
     Brandeis should be shamed into oblivion for failing to have the courage to stand up for what is right. Donors – particularly American – should pull their funding and look for better places to invest their contributions.
     Then again, if Brandeis has been among those who have received millions of Islamic dollars under the radar, as has Harvard, Georgetown, and scores of other universities, it might all come clear. But we don’t know that.
     This is beyond outrageous. It is a huge victory for Islamic radicalism in their pursuit of trashing the First amendment, and caving to Islamic pressure, born of the Muslim Brotherhood. 
     They are winning. They know the future of America is based in college campuses, that’s why people like you, and me, the old guard, see so little of what is happening.
     You’re damn right I’m Islamophobic.  Why?  Because I love my grandchildren. I’ve done my homework. And, I see very clearly    
     Write Brandeis.
                                                 **************************
The Honor Diaries, is a new documentary about nine women, including Hirsi Ali, who have been abused by men in the Islamic world.  It was to be shown at Brandeis, but was pulled.
     Click here: Honor Diaries | Culture is No Excuse For Abuse
 Additional supportive documents:
     Click here: Ayaan Hirsi Ali – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
     Click here: Brandeis University withdraws planned honorary degree for Islam critic Ayaan Hirsi Ali | Fox News
    Click here: EDITORIAL: Intolerance at Brandeis silences Muslim dissident Hirsi Ali – Washington Times

     I have had my own brief experience with censorship:
      Click here: CENSORSHIP FOR ISLAM THREATENS FREE SPEECH

BRANDEIS’ CAPITULATION: SCORE ANOTHER VICTORY FOR RADICAL ISLAM

   Ayaan Hirsi Ali

 I cannot emphasize this enough:

     The Muslim Brotherhood exists for the purpose of Islamic conquest. That’s not an opinion, that is an established fact. It is imbedded in their secret documents. (see below)

     They recently tried (and nearly succeeded) to conquer Egypt – where they had been outlawed for thirty years – but failed after the Egyptian people rose up en masse and declared them “outlawed” once again.  Why? Because the Muslim Brotherhood is about fundamentalism, extremism, terror and radical Islamic thought which would set their people back fourteen centuries, as they have done in places like Afghanistan and Pakistan.

     The Muslim Brotherhood is so notorious, they were declared by Saudi Arabia in March of this year as a terrorist organization on a par with Hezbollah and al Qaeda.

     Saudi Arabia, together with the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, withdrew their ambassadors from Qatar because of that nation’s support of the Muslim Brotherhood. Yet, our administration befriends them.

     The Muslim Brotherhood spawned its most notorious graduate, Osama bin Laden, and from there, the terrorist organization, al Qaeda.

     The Muslim Brotherhood murdered Egypt’s Anwar Sadat for daring to sign a peace treaty with Israel.

     The 31 Islamic organizations now operating openly inside the United States – including CAIR (Council on American Islamic Relations) the ISNA (Islamic Society of North America and the MSA (Muslim Students Association) – have a single long range purpose: Conquest; to ultimately Islamize the United States from within. They each have their assigned missions, i.e., government infiltration, legal protections and changes, suppression of free speech in regards to anti-Islamic information on campuses, influencing politicians, and etc. 

     The following text is their decree, issued 1991 in memoranda by the hierarchy of the Muslim Brotherhood, discovered in a federal law enforecment raid and introduced into evidence at the Holy Land Foundation trial of 2007, titled the “Strategic Goal for North America”  – stating in part:  (Please read and take note)

Page 4:

“Enablement of Islam in North America, meaning: establishing an effective and a stable Islamic Movement led by the Muslim Brotherhood which adopts Muslims’ causes domestically and globally, and which works to expand the observant Muslim base, aims at unifying and directing Muslims’ efforts, presents Islam as a civilization alternative, and supports the global Islamic State wherever it is.”

Page 7:

“The process of settlement is a ‘Civilization-Jihadist Process’ with all the word means. The Ikhwan [Muslim Brotherhood] must understand that their work in America is a kind of grand jihad in eliminating and destroying the Western civilization from within and ‘sabotaging’ its miserable house by their hands and the hands of the believers…” 

     Did everyone notice the term “From Within?” in that narrative?

     All that being said, I could identify numerous examples of Muslim Brotherhood influence and Islamic infiltration of America, all of which could be a book and not an article. But none is so worrisome as the recent turn-around by one of America’s premier institutes of higher learning, when they invited an international icon of women’s rights to speak, bestowing upon her an honorary degree in recognition of her contributions to fighting for freedom from Islamic oppression for women around the world.

     Somali-born Ayaan Hirsi Ali, a victim of female genital mutilation, later fled a forced marriage situation, resettled in Holland, and eventually became an author, intellectual and member of that countries parliament. She is the author of numerous books and publications, a courageous advocate for the protection and advancement of woman around the world, particularly in Islamic societies which breed child marriage, genital mutilation, honor killings and repression of rights in general. In 2005, Time Magazine named her one of the 100 most influential people in the world. In 2013, she became a naturalized citizen of the United States.

     In 2004, she helped produce a Dutch documentary title, “Submission” which exposed the abuses of Islamic women around the world. Her co-producer, Theo Van Gogh, was knifed and murdered in the streets of Amsterdam by a proud Islamic radical. Ms. Ali was similarly threatened and had to go into hiding. In 2006, she was nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize… but passed over.

     Click here: ? Theo van Gogh/Ayaan Hirsi Ali: “Submission” pt 1 – YouTube

     Ms. Ali was recently invited to give a speech at Brandeis University, where she would be given a special honorary degree in recognition of her brave stand for women around the world. What followed was suppression of free speech in deference to the purveyors Islamic extremism.

     After receiving flack from a number of Islamic groups, including CAIR and the MSA, plus a number of faculty members (some undoubtedly Muslims), Brandeis rescinded its invitation and withdrew the offering of an honorary degree to Ms. Ali.

     N.O.W. –  where are you?  Hello???  Are you there? 

     Women’s organizations are omnipresent when it comes to demanding government support for contraceptives, as though it were an entitlement right denied them. But when it comes to honor killings, female mutilation and forced marriages, mums the word.

    Islamic conquest wins a big round. Freedom losses. CAIR operatives are high-fiving inside Mosques.

    Ibrahim Hooper, a spokesman for CAIR, said, “It is unconscionable that such a prestigious university would honor someone with such openly hateful views.”

     Openly Hateful? Hirsi Ali’s only mission has been to combat hate.

     Brandeis should be shamed into oblivion for failing to have the courage to stand up for what is right. Donors – particularly American – should pull their funding and look for better places to invest their contributions.

     Then again, if Brandeis has been among those who have received millions of Islamic dollars under the radar, as has Harvard, Georgetown, and scores of other universities, it might all come clear. But we don’t know that.

     This is beyond outrageous. It is a huge victory for Islamic radicalism in their pursuit of trashing the First amendment, and caving to Islamic pressure, born of the Muslim Brotherhood. 

     They are winning. They know the future of America is based in college campuses, that’s why people like you, and me, the old guard, see so little of what is happening.

     You’re damn right I’m Islamophobic.  Why?  Because I love my grandchildren. I’ve done my homework. And, I see very clearly    

     Write Brandeis.

                                                 **************************

The Honor Diaries, is a new documentary about nine women, including Hirsi Ali, who have been abused by men in the Islamic world.  It was to be shown at Brandeis, but was pulled.

     Click here: Honor Diaries | Culture is No Excuse For Abuse

 Additional supportive documents:

     Click here: Ayaan Hirsi Ali – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

     Click here: Brandeis University withdraws planned honorary degree for Islam critic Ayaan Hirsi Ali | Fox News

    Click here: EDITORIAL: Intolerance at Brandeis silences Muslim dissident Hirsi Ali – Washington Times

     I have had my own brief experience with censorship:

      Click here: CENSORSHIP FOR ISLAM THREATENS FREE SPEECH

THREE CHEERS TO ARTHUR: A BIRTHDAY TRIBUTE

Today – April 9th, 2014 – Is his 115th birthday. 

     Other than some background interest from one granddaughter, there is only one person remaining left on plant earth who thinks about the life and times of Arthur Robert Frank, known publicly as “Art Frank – Vaudeville Performer” or otherwise, “Old Man Whoopee.”

     Such is the cycle of life. We live.  We die. Then we are remembered by the living, which keeps us alive in thought and caring. When the remembering people die, we are gone for all time for there is no memory, no more significance.

     Does anyone really care that Maria Yketova was someone’s great, great, great, great, great grandmother in 1769? Yet, Maria Yketova was a living soul in those times, cared for by many, even after she passed away. When the memories of her died with the deaths of the rememberers, Maria’s life became but a grain of sand on the beaches of human history.

     Thus it is proper and caring – while still possible – that we give tribute to the birthday of a great and loving man, a little man, a Jewish man, born in New York City this date in 1899, the youngest of nine siblings, the son of immigrants from Eastern Europe who were processed through Ellis Island.

     Arthur Frank was different than his brothers, he didn’t have the mind of an accountant, merchant or lawyer. Rather, Arthur Frank was an artist who began his professional life drawing cartoons and caricatures for magazines, newspapers and other publications, particular for the entertainment world which then translated to: Vaudeville.

     He attended vaudeville shows, one after another, longing to become one of those singers, dancers, musicians, watching the enthusiasm of applause from audiences in New York, imagining himself standing on stage making people laugh and taking bows. And so it happened.

     On his own, through friendships backstage, he learned to write and read music, and he learned to dance. Arthur had legs like rubber bands, leaving his cohorts and audiences howling in their seats at his eccentric moves, far and apart from most dancers of those times. Along with his routines, he used his make-up artistry skills to dress himself as an old Civil War veteran, capped, bearded, hunched, twisting and turning with moves that made everyone howl. He often hired pretty women as straight-girls, singers/dancers, to carry out the many skits on stage which he wrote.

     He became a huge star, headlining the Palace Theater in New York, and other venues around the county on the vaudeville circuit. The marquees read: “Starring Art Frank.” Also in the show: Rudy Vallee, Milton Berle, Ruby Dee, Fanny Brice. He also wrote articles for Variety Magazine, the show biz tabloid of the day.

      One of his early partners was a lady named Ginger Rogers, who would go on to movie fame. Then he met Vivien Peterson, a redheaded bombshell with music and dance talent equal to anyone. They worked well together. She was nineteen. They were married in 1929. She made Arthur the happiest man in the world.

     The depression hit. Everywhere, people were poor and destitute. But Art Frank and Vivien managed a good income from show business, working with other celebrities, like George Burns and Gracie Allen, Ray Bolger, Three Stooges, Abbott and Costello, Fred Allen, Jack Benny and more. Many of the stars morphed into the movie business after talkies came in. Others started their own radio shows, a burgeoning new entertainment venue. Vaudeville’s period of popularity was on its last legs.  

     But not to Art Frank. Vaudeville would never die, he said.

     His first son, Bennett, was born September 29th, 1935. When a toddler, he often brought the child on stage to perform little routines. They worked with acrobats. They loved the stage. Virtually addicted to live audiences, he begged agents for more bookings, but the demand was gone. Vaudeville was becoming a final page in history.

     His last great stage performance was in Radio City Music Hall, where Vivien’s sister, Frances, worked as a Rockette.

     By 1938, vaudeville was dead. The circuit was over. Arthur Frank went into deliriums, as manic-depression consumed his life and the life of his young family. He rarely slept, he continued to hound people, including Vivien, for more work, more breaks that were not there. Old friends and family thought he was crazy. He babbled incessantly. He thought people were putting steel wool in his food. Life became unmanageable for Vivien.

     She was four months pregnant when she called the men in the white coats to take Arthur to Creedmore hospital.  Her second son would be born to a troubled, desperate and lonely mom, on April 28th, 1939.

     Vivien went to work as a show girl in New York City night clubs, dancing and singing to make a living to support her two boys. She often left the boys at her mother’s apartment in Queens. Meanwhile, Arthur’s diagnosis was labeled paranoid, schizophrenia, and manic depressive. He would never see freedom again.

     After 2 ½ years of languishing in three different mental institutions, Arthur was given insulin shock treatment by the hospital brainery. The result was a destroyed immune system. Three weeks later, after contacting a cold, he died of pneumonia, November, 1941.

     He would never know his youngest son, nor he, his father.  Neither would he ever suffer the anguish of losing his eldest son to drowning at age seven in Flushing Bay, two years after his own death.

     And, so Arthur Robert Frank lived forty-two years of a gifted life, often filled with love and conquered dreams, only to eventually struggle and die a lonely man in Stony Lodge Sanitarium in Ossining, New York with a view of Sing Sing Prison from across the Hudson.

     He was a great man, who made his own way, who made many thousands of people laugh, and – in his best of times – cherished and adored his wife and son.

     Yes, it is I – the surviving youngest son – who stands as the only person left alive who remains intimately connected to the life and times of Arthur Frank. Sadly, circumstance and death denied me from ever knowing the man who I could call “Dad.” But, thanks to an adoring mom, I have had an abundance of memorabilia. I thought it appropriate to honor his 115th birthday in a public forum, which he loved so much.  After all, when I pass on, Arthur Frank’s life will become one of those grains of sand in the beaches of human history.       

     Happy Birthday, Dad.

(See video:  Art Frank can be seen at 1:15)

 

ArtFrank&Mom

ArtFrank.Cartoon

 OldFamilyPics-14

 

KEEP UNIONS FROM COLLEGE ATHLETICS

                    We’ve been raised to compete, to want more! More! More! It’s a way of life.  It’s about greed. 

                                                              —    Sandy Duncan, actress, singer

And so, the label “amateur” will likely be lifted from college football players very soon.  No more is it about earning scholarships, attaining a college education, and working hard at a sport in order to pay for that education. It’s all about greed.

     Gimme, gimme, gimme.

     The National Labor Relations Board issued a ruling in March declaring football players from Northwestern as “employees” of the university and therefore the right to form a union.

     What?

     That’s like saying tuba players in the band are employees of the college. Maybe even swimmers, cheerleaders and chess players. After all, they all compete, they all enhance the “sporting” events and they all work hard.

     Yes, football players work hard at their sport.  But they are not employees! They are students of a college or university who – in most situations – must maintain a particular grade average in order to be granted the privilege to compete.

     Now, a mighty foot has wedged into the proverbial door for unions to take over college sports.  It may start with football, but don’t think for a minute this won’t spill over to basketball, baseball, soccer, lacrosse, wrestling and more, even beyond sports.

     For their hard work and training, many football players have earned scholarships at institutions of higher learning, which is worth a lot of money, not only in tuitions but in achieving an education that will prepare them for profitable careers in later life. There’s the reward.

     Some outstanding players are often cherry-picked into the big leagues where millions of dollars are bestowed upon them as a pro. That’s another reward for being great at their sport.

     But until then, the kids are primarily students.  Other than teachers, there is no place in amateur/university sports for unions. Union power will eventually translate in to sport domination, collective bargaining and if they deem necessary, strikes and sit-downs. And it will reach out to all other extra-curriculum activities on campus.

     Talk about opening Pandora’s box.

     Collective bargaining will translate to higher and higher salaries, which will create the need for new sources of funding. Network television is already established and on board. So where will that come from?

     Ticket sales. Vendor costs.

     Today’s pro baseball and football, ticket prices have soared out of sight to where the average family can barely afford a day at the ball game, unless they sit in the bleachers over center field or the end zone. The bulk of good seating is reserved for corporations, politicians, and clients of all sizes and shapes of money bags.

     Fortunately, prices for attending amateur school games have not hit the stratosphere – yet.  But wait until the costs of ball players generate the need for revenue – revenue which the average Joe cannot afford.

     Going to college is first and foremost about attaining education.  Sports and their associated events are an important element of college life, but it’s not a “profession.”  If kids wish to dodge education and go for the big bucks, they can always apply for the pros once out of high school.

     Amy Perko, Executive Director of the Knight Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics said, “Universities and the NCAA, not unions, need to be the ones to guarantee benefits, like multi-year scholarships.”

     When it comes to students, regardless of their extra curricula, unions should be kept out of the universities and colleges. To say that students who play sports are an “employee” of the school, is not only absurd, it’s nothing but a money-grubbing ploy to destroy the spirit of school sports now and forever…not only for the kids, but the families and spectators as well.

     Amy Perko enunciates many of the benefits that college athletes should be entitled to, outside of being paid “salaries” as an employee. Watch the video:

Click here: Unions not the answer for college athletes: Amy Perko 

Click here: College Players Granted Right to Form Union – NYTimes.com

Click here: College Athletes Granted the Right to Unionize—Is This the End of the NCAA? | Alternet